Go to the Digital Library top page!


Click here for main menu

Cultures > Inuit

:: 1000 AD - PRESENT

Cultural Background | Surviving | Finding Meaning in the Cosmos

Cultural Background

The Inuit are the of Eskimos of Canada and Greenland. They are descendants of Asian peoples who crossed into the Americas on the land bridge more than 40,000 years ago. Inuit means "The People."

Traditionally the Inuit are nomadic people, moving with the seasons, following the animals they hunted to provide them with food and clothing. They hunted the bowhead whale using kayaks and umiaks, skin covered boats up to 33 feet long.

The Inuit family was very close-knit. They relied on each other for survival. Hunting of whale was often a collective effort of many members of the extended family.

Time Period: 1000 BC to the present.

Location: The Inuit live in northeast Canada and Greenland.

Geography: The Inuit live in the sub-artic, a land of tundra (permanently frozen ground), mountains and many islands. The temperature there ranges from 30 degrees Celsius to 60 degrees below Celsius. The winters are long, the summers are short and much of the ground is frozen all year round, making it difficult to rely on the land for food. Instead they hunt and trap animals.

1 of 3 next »

Learn more about the heritage and history of the Inuit of Canada.


Need help searching?
Search help

Search eCUIP:

Examples: or
Contact eCUIP!

Need help?

Return to the eCUIP top page!