People have used their observations of the sky to meet needs such as providing
shelter, food, spiritual guidance, and social structure. Because the sky
is dependable and regular, it has become an important part of the lives
of people of many cultures.
Cultural expressions, or the way different peoples use their interpretations
of the sky, is the connection between humans (cultures) and the sky (phenomena).
Different cultures have used their observations of the sky to meet the
basic human needs listed on the right.
People have observed the order and regularity of the objects in the
sky. They have used these observations to help them keep time, navigate,
and provide food - activities that are necessary to the survival of
The heavens are very important to humans. The models they have
made of the heavens have influenced the way that they organize their
Meaning in the Cosmos
Humans have looked to the sky with wonder and awe. They used the
sky to answer questions they have about their own existence. »