Evans, Arthur M., "Social Justice' Becomes the New Religion of Big Employers of Chicago; Give Workers share in the Profits", The Chicago Daily Tribune, April 15., 1919

transcription/facsimile newspaper article

"Social Justice" Becomes the New Religion of Big Employers

of Chicago; Give Workers Share in the Profits


Profit sharing and workmen's      houses.  Since July, 1916, the    employes who have been in      and diet, and personal          
welfare now have the eye of the   company has been helping its      the service of the company     hygiene are given classes in    
business world. "Social           workers to get a stake in the     for two years are giving       knitting Red Cross work,        
justice" was regarded more or     business by selling shares to,    one-quarter pay in case of     nursing,and domestic science    
less a visionary but inspiring    them on easy terms. Ten dollars   sickness, after the first      are largely attended. A         
reform when the Bull Moose        down and the balance with two     full week, for a maximum       summer camp has been            
nailed it into their national     years is the system. The          period of three months         maintained for some years at    
platform in 1912 to the tune of   company charges 5 per cent for    within any twelve month        Fish Lake, Ind., by the         
"Onward Christian Soldiers" But   carrying the loan, and as soon    period., These payments are    company, where three            
nowadays captains of industry     as the initial payment is made    independent of benefit         buildings provide quarters      
are leading the chorus for a      the stock is transferred to the   association payments  Study    for women and girls from the    
partnership between labor and     worker, who thus begins at once   Problems of Health and         office and plant for week       
capital.  The trend among         to draw his 8 per cent            Sanitation. Problems of        ends and summer vacations.      
sagacious businessmen is          dividend. The company's           health and sanitation are      Last year 400 women employes    
towards recognition that the      officials report that under       closely studied. Since 1911    enjoyed the advantages of the   
worker should have a stake in     this plan 4,000 employes have     more than 20,000               camp. Continuation School for   
the job, in the profits, and      become shareholders.  Of the      recom-mendations for safety    Office Boys For the office      
protection against illness,       total of 25,000 shareholders in   devices have been made by      boys a continuation school is   
disability, and old age. The      the company, one-sixth thus are   inspectors who go regularly    conducted at the plant in       
"democratization of industry,"    employes. To provide against      through the plants, and as a   co-operation with the board     
once nothing but a lovely         old age and disability, the       result the number of           of education. Two teachers      
phrase, now seems on its way. "   company in 1916 established a     accidents has been cut in      devote their entire time.       
As a sign of the times, sears,    pension plan administered by a    half. When it comes to         The enrollment includes boys    
Roebuck & Co., within the last    board of five members without     looking after the health of    who have complete the fifth     
two weeks, have received          expenses to the employes. All     its workers, the company has   grade up to boys who            
requests from  220 manufacturing  employes                                                                                         
and mercantile establishments     are eligible to retirement on     an elaborate machinery. A      have finished high school.      
asking for full details and       half pay after twenty-five        medical department, composed   The boys get an hour's          
particulars of the profit         years of continuous service on    of graduate                    instruction each day on         
sharing  system which that        reaching the age of 60 to 65      physicians,surgeons, and       company time, and the plan is   
company recently made public.     for men and 50  to 55.            nurses, is at the service      to give them a course almost    
"The Jungle" Gives Way to the     Corresponding provision is made   for the employes at all        identical with the two year     
New Era.  The stockyards,         for retirement because of         times without charge. In the   commercial course in the high   
Chicago's largest and most        disability at any age after       Chicago plant alone seven      schools. Three troops of Boy    
limelighted industry, affords     fifteen years of service. The     physicians and two nurses      Scouts are organized among      
an interesting illustration of    disability at  any age after      are on duty on all working     boys of the company. They are   
the evolution that is taking      fifteen years of service. The     days and one physicians        under the supervision of        
place in industrial relations.    disability pension is corrupted   nights, Sundays, and           trained leaders,                
It is only a dozen years ago      on the basis of 1 and one half    holidays .Dispensaries,        whose.activities cover the      
that "The Jungle" gave Chicago    percent of the annual pay for     doctor's offices, and          usual hikes and other           
its "worst bit of advertising."   each year of continuous           treatment rooms have been      training   Establish Club       
By contrast the packers           service. In no case is the        built. Microscopic and other   with 1,700 Members  The         
nowadays have jointly entered     pension to be less than $26 a     laboratory work is done in     latest development in welfare   
into the formation of the         month or $240 a year. Provision   the general plant              work at Swift and Co.'s is      
Stockyards Community              is also made for the widow and    laboratories, and in the       the establishment of a club     
Clearinghouse, for the            dependent children of a           main the equipment is equal    at Forty-first street and       
improvement of living             pensioner in case of his death.   to that of the dispensaries    Michigan avenue, which places   
conditions "back of the yards."   Steady Workers Get Part Pay       of the large hospitals.        within the reach of all         
It is a type of welfare work      When Sick  Many cases worthy of   Automobiles and ambulances     employes a regular club. The    
that up to a few years ago was    recognition do not come within    are kept on the large plants   old Sheridan clubhouse was      
the domain of the social          the rules of the pension plan     to convey patients to their    taken over. It has bowling      
settlement worker, and it         and these are referred to the     homes or hospitals. Both       alleys, billiard and pool       
embraces such activities as ice   board and allowances are made     preventive and curative        rooms, shower and needle        
and coal distribution and         based upon the financial          methods are followed and       baths,. grillroom, and          
relief of the indigent            condition of the employe and      emphasis is laid on            gymnasium, auditorium, and      
Amelioration of living            his family and the length of      preventive service.            ballroom  The club is           
conditions has developed into     service with the company. The     Provide Sanatoriums for        organized on a strictly         
part of the packing business,     pension fund originally created   Tubercular Workers  In                                         
just as housing has become an     by the company in 1916 amounted   addition to the treatment of                                   
inseparable part of the general   to $2,000,000. It has since       em-ployes at the plant,                                        
industrial question in            increased to                      calls are made by the                                          
                                                                    company physicians in the                                      
England .Last Saturday the        $7,000,000. Since 1907 the        of employes in cases of        democratic basis. the           
packers sent a signed pledge to   company has had an Employes'      accident or illness.  A sick   employes themselves picking     
Secretary of Labor Wilson that    Benefit association. At present   employe can come to the        the officers, and it has a      
for at least a year after the     this has a membership of 30,000   dispensary and be examined,    membership of 1,700.  It has    
signing of the peace treaty       and in the eleven years of its    treat-ed, and furnished        a glee club that ranks third    
there would be no reduction of    existence it has paid out over    medicine or a prescription     in size in Chicago. One         
wages at their plants, which      $1,735,000 in cases of death or   without charge, or if  he is   innovation is process of        
means that 200,000 workers will   disability of employes. The       confined to his home he is     establishment is an employee    
continue to receive wartime       weekly contributions of           at liberty to call for a       relations committee based       
wages for at least the critical   subscribing employes range from   physician from the medical     somewhat on the order of the    
first year of the transition      15 cents to a dollar. To          department without charge.     works committee in England,     
period.   Borrow Money at 5 Per   supplement the income of          The Chicago general office     its duty being to handle all    
Cent: Buy 8 Per Cent Stock        em-ployes from the compensation   of the company has about       matters affecting the welfare   
The welfare work of Swift and     law, or the Employes' Benefit     2,400 employes - the largest   of the workers and to develop   
Co. may perhaps be taken as       association, or other sources     in the city.  There are        a program for improving         
typical of what is happening in   in sickness, the company also     restaurants, club rooms and    relations in. the future        
Chicago's packing                 carried its steady time           libraries A dean of women      between employee and            
                                  employes on the pay roll for      acts as adviser to the women   management.                     
                                  one day for each consecutive      employes: lectures on food                                     
                                  month in service up to twelve                                                                    
                                  days'; maximum within the                                                                        
                                  previous twelve months. Hourly